A concussion is a type of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). It can be caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head, or hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move back and forth rapidly. The resulting brain trauma can be from a single significant incident or from the accumulated effects of many seemingly minor ones.

Brain trauma can be extremely debilitating because it impacts neurometabolic processes central to cognitive functioning and overall wellbeing. Critical blood and oxygen flow in the brain are disrupted, causing mild to severe impairments in how well the brain can perform a range of necessary functions. Symptoms can last from days to months, depending on the severity.


Concussion treatment begins with an assessment to determine when the patient can return to their activity, sport, and/or work without the risk of Second Impact Syndrome. We evaluate the neck for injuries and treat any related orthopedic injuries. Our specially-trained PTs help you develop a routine and make modifications to reduce brain trauma symptoms. These include managing stress, restoring balance, stabilizing emotions, increasing activity tolerance, and improving concentration.


  • Decreased energy
  • Depression
  • Difficulty concentrating/fogginess
  • Difficulty with eye tracking
  • Dizziness/Vertigo
  • Emotional lability (roller coaster of emotions) such as frustration, irritability, anger
  • Fear avoidance
  • Memory loss
  • Poor balance
  • Post-Traumatic Brain Disorder (PTSD)
  • Sensitivity to noise, light, smells, movement
  • Sleep disorders

Locations: Available at our Mill Valley, Novato, and Oakland offices